A number of animal welfare, defense and conservation organizations consider wolf-dogs to be wild animals.
There is no consensus on how many generations back the pure wolf can be to call a "dog" a wolf-dog.
misrepresentation: The action or offense of knowingly giving a false or misleading account of the nature of a wolf-dog or wolf-dogs in general. Typically, the audience is misled to believe a wolf-dog has more wolf content than it actually does in an effort to gain something from the audience. In some cases the "canine-in-question" is not even a wolf-dog to begin with. And occasionally breeders have been known to misrepresent a full wolf as a high content wolf-dog to avoid legal ramifications. Misrepresentation is widely used throughout the Wolf-Dog Circus by individuals, for-profits and nonprofits alike.
multi-generational selectively bred: This is the term that wolf-dog breeders and promoters have adopted to describe wolf-dogs that have been bred over many generations to look "wolfy" and behave "doggy". The process of breeding the doggy behavior in while keeping as much of the wolfy looks as possible actually creates more user-friendly lower content wolf-dogs. Nowadays, it is not uncommon to see lower content wolf-dogs misrepresented as "high content" wolf-dogs thanks to a fine print disclaimer that says they are "multi-generational selectively bred high content" wolf-dogs. It is important to note at this point that we are not talking about true high content wolf-dogs here and this is yet another form of misrepresentation that is, obviously, very deceptive.
phenotyping: The process of assessing the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior.
pseudo-sanctuary: These are nonprofit organizations, so-called wolf sanctuaries, rescues, centers, refuges and educational facilities, that mislead the public and often "acquire" attractive animals (puppies) directly from breeders for a life of commercial imprisonment and exploitation. The policies and actions of these organizations continuously promote thousands of the very animals they "rescue", wolves and wolf-dogs, into unnatural and uncomfortable lives of breeding and private and commercial possession.
true high content: This is a wolf-dog with recent full wolf ancestry and a genetic outcome that presents with dominent wolf looks and behaviors. It is, arguably, sometimes very difficult to determine if a true high content is a wolf-dog or a full wolf without the help of a DNA test.
true wolf-dog: This is a canine with relatively recent full wolf ancestry and a genetic outcome that presents with at least some wolf looks and behaviors. As you can imagine, there is a big gray area here — a big gray area that breeders and promoters use to their advantage as they resort to evasive bob and weave tactics in wolf-dog debates. Also, it is not uncommon to see northern breed domestic dogs being misrepresented as wolf-dogs. And last, but not least, is that there is no concensus on how many generations back the full wolf can be to call a canine a wolf-dog. Five (5) appears to be a popular number but inconsistent genetic outome is common, even within the same litter.
wildlife perversion: Perversion is defined as the alteration of something from its original course, meaning, or state to a distortion or corruption of what was first intended.
wolf content: The resulting assessment of observable wolf looks and behaviors in a canine. See phenotyping.
wolf-dog travesty: The large scale false, absurd, and/or distorted representation of wolf-dogs.
N1: True wolf-dogs are inately and inherently wild to one degree or another thanks to some genetic hard-wiring from the wolf side of things (wolf content). Some wolf-dogs have such high wolf content that they are physically and behaviorally indistinguishable from a "born in the wild wolf" that has been raised in captivity. Desiring to possess, control and confine wild animals against there natural instincts, desires and will is, by definition, wildlife perversion. We've all seen lions, tigers, bears, alligators, chimpanzees and hyenas, to name a few, on the end of a leash, so the issue is not that "some people can't handle them"; that is wolf-dog promoter propaganda. The REAL issue is that wild animals do not belong in unnatural and physically and psychologically uncomfortable lives of human possession. Breeding, trafficking, promoting, exploiting and educating people to possess wild animals is considered by most to be the enthusiasms of the morally challenged.
N2: Live animal exhibits are unnecessary. High-tech audio-visual educational venues are awe-inspiring and more successful in achieving educational and conservation goals as well as genuine respect for the species in the wild.
N3: The bottom line is that true wolf-dogs are, to one degree or another, inherently wild animals that suffer physically and psychologically in private and commercial captivity; no matter how successful the effort to keep them appears to be. The true high contents, especially the true very high contents, endure very frustrating lives kept in constant control and confinement against their genetically hard-wired will and desires. To see what true wolf-dogs must endure in captivity leaves those of us with empathy and compassion pondering the question "who thinks this is a good idea?".
R1: (in development)
B1: Mech, L. David; Boitani, Luigi, eds. (2003). Wolves: Behaviour, Ecology and Conservation University of Chicago Press.
"Wolf hybrids undo 15,000 years of domestication." ~ Dr. Randall Lockwood